Curriculum Vitae

  • B.A. Psychology, 1990 - University of New Mexico
  • M.S. Psychology, 1991 - University of New Mexico
  • Ph.D. Psychology, 1994 - University of New Mexico

  • NSF IOS 1350753 (2014-2019) $719k, CAREER: The energetic costs of active sensory and communication signals: Integrating research and education through organismal, cellular, and molecular approaches
  • NSF IOS 1257580 (2013-2016) $379k, Cellular mechanisms of rapid hormonal modulation in vertebrate communication signals
  • NINDS 1R01NS069881 (19th percentile / not funded) $1.25M, Sexual dimorphism of intrinsic plasticity in excitable cells.
  • NIMH 1K01MH064550. (2003 – 2008) $597k, Ion channels in regulation of excitable membranes
  • NIGMS GM08205 subproject  (1998 – 2000) $223k,  An animal model of arbitrary stimulus classes and class-based transfer of stimulus functions

  • Irene Rothbaum Outstanding Assistant Professor Award, 2014, OU College of Arts & Sciences
  • Young Investigator Award, 2010, International Society for Neuroethology.
  • Ford Foundation Predoctoral Fellowship, 1991 - 1994.
  • University of New Mexico Graduate Student Valedictorian, 1994
  • Phi Beta Kappa, 1990


Markham MR, Ban Y, Budd AG, Maltby RC (in press). Energetics of sensing and communication in electric fish: A blessing and a curse in the Anthropocene? Integrative and Comparative Biology.

Ban Y, Smith BE, Markham MR (2015). A highly-polarized excitable cell separates sodium channels from sodium-activated potassium channels by more than a millimeter. Journal of Neurophysiology, 114, 520-530.

Sinnett PM*, Markham MR (2015) Food deprivation reduces and leptin increases the amplitude of an active sensory and communication signal in a weakly electric fish. Hormones and Behavior, 71, 31-40.. *undergraduate author Open Access PDF

Markham, M. R., Zakon, H. H. (2014). Ionic mechanisms of microsecond-scale spike timing in single cells. Journal of Neuroscience. 34, 6668-6678.

Lewis, J. E., Gilmour, K. M., Moorhead, M. J., Perry, S. F., Markham, M. R. (2014). Action potential energetics at the organismal level reveal a trade-off in efficiency at high firing rates. Journal of Neuroscience. 34, 197-201. Open Access PDF

Selected by the editor for the Journal's This Week in the Journal feature.

Markham, M. R. (2013). Electrocyte physiology: 50 years later. Journal of Experimental Biology. 216, 2451-2458.

Markham, M. R., Kaczmarek, L. K., Zakon, H. H. (2013). A sodium-activated potassium channel supports high-frequency firing and reduces energetic costs during rapid modulations of action potential amplitude. Journal of Neurophysiology, 109, 1713-1723.

Markham, M. R., Stoddard, P. K. (2013). Cellular mechanisms of developmental and sex differences in the rapid hormonal modulation of a social communication signal. Hormones and Behavior. 63, 586-597.

Markham, M.R., McAnelly, M.L., Stoddard, P.K., Zakon, H.H. (2009).  Circadian and social cues regulate ion channel trafficking.  PLoS Biology, 7, e1000203. Free Access Online

See also the primer and commentary on on this article by Eric Fortune and Maurice Chacron..

Allee S.J., Markham M.R., Stoddard P.K. (2009)  Androgens enhance plasticity of an electric communication signal in female knifefish, Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatus. Hormones and Behavior, 56, 264-273. PDF

Markham, M.R., Allee, S.J., Goldina, A., Stoddard, P.K. (2009). Melanocortins regulate the electric waveforms of gymnotiform electric fish. Hormones and Behavior, 55, 306-313. PDF.

Stoddard, P.K. & Markham, M.R. (2008) Signal cloaking by electric fish.  Bioscience, 58, 415-424. Request Reprint by Email

Allee S.J., Markham M.R., Salazar  V.L., Stoddard P.K. (2008)  Opposing actions of 5HT1A and 5HT2-like serotonin receptors on modulations of the electric signal waveform in the electric fish Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatus. Hormones and Behavior, 53, 481-488. PDF

Stoddard P.K., Markham M.R., Salazar V.L., Allee S. (2007) Circadian rhythms in electric waveform structure and rate in the electric fish Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatus. Physiology and Behavior, 90, 11-20. PDF

Stoddard P. K., Zakon H., Markham M. R., & McAnelly M. L. (2006) Regulation and modulation of electric waveforms in gymnotiform electric fish.  Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 192, 613-624.  PDF

Markham M. R. & Stoddard P. K. (2005). Adrenocorticotropic hormone enhances the masculinity of an electric communication signal by modulating the waveform and timing of action potentials within individual cells.  Journal of  Neuroscience, 25, 8746-8754. PDF

Stoddard, P. K., Markham, M. R., & Salazar, V. L. (2003).  Serotonin modulates the electric waveform of the gymnotiform electric fish, Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatusJournal of Experimental Biology, 206, 1353-1362 PDF 


Markham, R. G., & Markham, M. R. (2002).  On the role of covarying functions in stimulus class formation and transfer of function.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 78, 509-524. PDF

Markham, M. R., Dougher, M. J, & Augustson, E.  (2002). Transfer of operant discrimination and respondent elicitation via emergent relations of compound stimuli. The Psychological Record, 52, 325-350.  PDF

Lumpkin, P. W., Silverman, W. K. Weems, C. F., Markham, M. R., & Kurtines, W. M. (2002). Treating a heterogeneous set of anxiety disorders in youths with group cognitive behavioral therapy: A partially nonconcurrent multiple-baseline evaluation. Behavior Therapy, 33, 163-177.

Purdy, J. E., Markham, M. R., Schwartz, B. L., & Gordon, W. C.  (2001).  Learning and memory (2e).  Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Augustson, E. M., Dougher, M. J., & Markham, M. R. (2000).  Emergence of conditional stimulus relations and transfer of respondent eliciting functions among compound stimuli.  The Psychological Record, 50, 745-770. PDF

Markham, M. R., & Gallogly, R. H. (1997).  Does language make humans more than clever apes?  Review of Language and Human Behavior by Derek Bickerton.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30, 185-186.

Markham, M. R., Butt, A. E., & Dougher, M. J. (1996).  A touch-screen apparatus for training visual discriminations in hooded rats.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 65, 173-182. PDF

Markham, M. R., & Branscum E., Finlay, C., & Roark, R.  (1996).  Experimental analysis of respondent conditioning in humans.  Experimental Analysis of Human Behavior Bulletin, 14.

Dougher, M. J. & Markham, M. R. (1996).  Stimulus classes and the untrained acquisition of function. T. R. Zentall and P. M. Smeets (Eds.) Advances in Psychology Series: The Formation of Stimulus Classes.   North Holland: Elsevier Science Publishers.

Markham, M. R. (1995).  Truth, philosophy and behavioral science: A reply to Hocutt.  Behavior and Philosophy, 23, 73-78.  PDF

Greenway, D. E., Dougher, M. J., & Markham, M. R. (1995).  S+/S- reversal procedures may not result in functional equivalence.  Experimental Analysis of Human Behavior Bulletin, 13, 16-17.

Dougher, M. J., Augustson, E. M., Markham, M. R., Greenway, D. E., & Wulfert, E. (1994). The transfer of respondent eliciting and extinction functions through stimulus equivalence classes. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 62, 331-351. PDF

Augustson, Markham, & Dougher (1994).  A methodological note regarding human classical conditioning.  Experimental Analysis of Human Behavior Bulletin, 12, 6-17.

Dougher, M. J. & Markham, M. R. (1994).  Stimulus equivalence, functional equivalence, and the transfer of function.  In S. C. Hayes, M. Sato, L. Hayes, & K. Ono (Eds.), Language and Cognitive Events: A Behavior Analytic Perspective. Reno, NV: Context Press.

Markham, M. R., & Dougher M. J. (1993). Compound stimuli in emergent stimulus relations: Extending the scope of stimulus equivalence. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 60, 529-542.  PDF

Markham, M. R. (1993).  An interface for controlling external devices via the IBM PC/XT/AT parallel port. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 25, 477-478. PDF

Markham, M. R., Dougher, M. J. & Wulfert, E. (1993). Social contingencies and the effects of punishment in alcoholics and nonalcoholics. Behavior Therapy, 24, 277-284. PDF

Markham, M. R., Miller, W. R. & Arciniega, L. (1993) BACCuS 2.01:  Computer software for quantifying alcohol consumption. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 25, 420-421.

  Copyright (c) 2008 Michael R. Markham -- Updated May 30, 2013